A hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus and can also include the ovaries and the fallopian tubes. A hysterectomy stops the menstrual cycle and prevents pregnancy. It is a permanent procedure that cannot be reversed.
Some reasons for a hysterectomy include:
- Uterine fibroids
- Uterine Prolapse
- Pelvic adhesions
- Persistent pain and bleeding
A total hysterectomy removes the uterus and cervix. It may also remove the ovaries and fallopian tubes. A subtotal hysterectomy removes the uterus but leaves the cervix. A radical hysterectomy removes the uterus, cervix, tubes, ovaries, and the pelvic lymph nodes.